Fairtrade Research and Publications


  • Implementing Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence - Traders

  • Implementing Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence - Plantations

  • Guidebook: Implementing Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence - Farmer Cooperatives

  • 2022 Annual Report

  • Impact of Fairtrade on flower workers and market access of flower farms in East Africa

  • A Fair Price for Human Rights Due Diligence

All Publications

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    The external costs of banana production: a global study

    Published: 6 Feb 2019

    While it has long been accepted that the commercial production of bananas has negative impacts on the environment and on society, these ‘external costs’ have never been methodically evaluated or captured in prices. Increasingly, however, businesses are being required to internalize such external costs by stakeholders in ...

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    Small Producer Organization (SPO) development, strengthening and resilience

    Published: 17 Dec 2018

    Researchers from Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in the Netherlands conducted a qualitative baseline study of 55 small-scale producer organizations (farmer cooperatives) in six countries – Côte d’Ivoire, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico and Peru. The objective of the research was to provide insights into the conditions, ...

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    2017-18 annual report: Working together for fair and sustainable trade

    Published: 17 Oct 2018

    Our annual report for 2017-18 provides an overview of key Fairtrade activities and statistics. "When we look at the difference Fairtrade makes, the most important measure is whether farmers and workers are seeing greater benefits from Fairtrade. Revenue from Fairtrade sales is a key indicator, as is the amount of extra ...

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    Monitoring the scope and benefits of Fairtrade – ninth edition – 2017

    Published: 16 Aug 2018

    This report presents the 2016 monitoring data on Fairtrade certified producer organizations, covering all products and countries, with a special focus on the seven major products that represent a livelihood for more than 90 percent of all Fairtrade farmers and workers. It presents the scope and scale of Fairtrade in 2016, ...

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    Baseline for assessing the impact of Fairtrade certification on cocoa growers and cooperatives in Côte d’Ivoire

    Published: 10 Aug 2018

    Fairtrade International and Fairtrade Africa commissioned the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and Bioversity International to carry out baseline research with smallholder cocoa growers and their cooperatives in Côte d’Ivoire. The baseline will form a framework for stakeholder engagement and improved intervention design, ...

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    Involvement and working conditions of youth in sugar cane cutting in Belize - 2018

    Published: 27 Jul 2018

    This study, commissioned by Fairtrade International and undertaken with the Belize Sugar Cane Farmers Association, has two purposes. Firstly, it aims to research an understudied aspect of sugar cane production in order to better understand the experience of youth cutting sugar cane, defined in this study as persons ...

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    5 years later – Fairtrade's contribution to rural development

    Published: 23 May 2018

    With the CEval study of 2018, data could be collected that previously did not exist in Fairtrade: the long-term rural development of small farmer organizations and plantations. Over a period of 5 years, researchers have demonstrated that Fairtrade empowers farmers by stabilizing their economic situation and sustainably ...

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    Cocoa farmer income: The household income of cocoa farmers in Côte d’Ivoire and strategies for improvement

    Published: 9 Apr 2018

    Fairtrade International commissioned True Price, with the Committee on Sustainability Assessment (COSA) and GeoTraceability, to carry out baseline research with smallholder cocoa farmers in Côte d’Ivoire. The study identifies sources of income for cocoa households and calculates an average household income, as well as ...

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    2016-17 annual report: Creating innovations, scaling up impact

    Published: 12 Oct 2017

    Our 2016-17 annual report was presented as a microsite, and provides an overview of key Fairtrade activities and statistics. Visit the 2016-2017 annual report microsite "April marked the 20th anniversary of Fairtrade International. Over the past two decades, Fairtrade has gone from being a small niche initiative to a ...

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    The impact of Fairtrade: A review of research evidence 2009-2015

    Published: 1 Sep 2017

    Fairtrade International commissioned the Overseas Development Institute to conduct an in-depth review of recent research to find out to what extent Fairtrade is contributing towards its intended impacts. This review synthesizes results from 45 studies published between 2009 and 2015. It offers comprehensive insights into ...

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