Glossary of Fairtrade terms and acronyms
CLAC: The network for Latin American and Caribbean Fairtrade producers. In Spanish, called Coordinadora Latinoamericana y del Caribe de Pequeños Productores de Comercio Justo.
FTA: Fairtrade Africa is the Producer Network for Africa, representing more than
1 million producers across 33 countries.
Fairtrade Standards: The established criteria for smallholder farmer organisation, plantations and other supply chain actors to participate in Fairtrade, made up of social, economic and environmental requirements. About two dozen separate standards also exist for different commodities.
Fairtrade International (FI): Fairtrade’s umbrella organisation in Bonn, Germany, where standards and strategic direction are set for the Fairtrade system, among other things. The NGO owns the FAIRTRADE mark, with a Board of Directors and General Assembly comprising all three Producer Networks (PNs), National Fairtrade Organisations (NFOs) and independent representatives.
A general term for all Fairtrade-affiliated organisations, including Producer Networks (PNs), National Fairtrade Organisations (NFOs), Fairtrade International (FI), FLOCERT and the Fair Trade
FLOCERT: The independent Fairtrade certification body that audits and certifies operations against Fairtrade Standards.
Hired Labour Organisation: A company that relies on hired workers, such as a farm, plantation, factory, manufacturing facility. These organisations are subject to the Hired Labour Standard. This report often uses the term plantation when referring to these organisations.
HREDD: Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence, a process of identifying, addressing, tracking and communicating adverse adverse human rights and environmental impacts.
NAPP: The regional network of Fairtrade producers in Asia and the Pacific, representing about 260,000 farmers and workers in 20 countries.
NFO: National Fairtrade Organisation. A full member of Fairtrade International responsible for marketing, licensing and raising awareness on some market area. Most NFOs are located in Europe.
NGO: A Non-Governmental Organisation is a non-profit organisation that operates independent of any government, typically to address a social or political issue. The Fairtrade Network is made up of several dozen NGOs that come together under Fairtrade International, another NGO.
PN: Producer Network. A regional network of producers and/or regional associations who work together for their common interest. The three Producer Networks are CLAC, FTA and NAPP.
Small-scale Producer: A producer that is not structurally dependent on permanent hired labour and that manages production mainly with a family workforce, where most working time is spent on agricultural/artisanal activities on their own farms or homes, and where revenue from such activities is the major part of their total income.
Small-scale Producer Organisation: Groups like cooperatives or farmers’ associations whose members are primarily small-scale producers.
Trader: Companies that buy and sell Fairtrade products and/or handle the Fairtrade price and premium. Traders are subject to the Fairtrade Trader Standard.
UNGP: United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, established in 2011, is a framework consisting of expectations for businesses and states to “Protect, Respect and Remedy” human rights.
YICBMR: Fairtrade’s Youth Inclusive Community Based Monitoring and Remediation System involves youth and communities to monitor and facilitate the remediation of child labour, forced labour or gender-based violence, depending on