Fairtrade Sugar Facts
- There are just over 37,000 sugar farmers organized into 69 Fairtrade small producer organizations.
- Belize and Fiji currently produce the most Fairtrade sugar cane, but there are also sugar farmers in Brazil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guyana, India, Malawi, Mauritius, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, and Zambia.
- Eighty percent of Fairtrade sugar is produced by African, Caribbean or Pacific countries or LDCs, where sugar is often the most important source of income.
- Half of the 7.4 million euros in Fairtrade Premium funds that Fairtrade sugar farmers earned in 2011 was invested by the producers in business and organizational development or production and processing.
- Fairtrade farmers grow organic and non-organic sugar cane, which is processed into white granulated, refined, and unrefined cane sugars such as demerara, soft light brown, soft dark brown, muscovado, and caster sugar. Sugar cane is also processed into whole raw cane sugars like Mascobado, Panela and by-products like molasses.
Fairtrade Impact for Sugar Farmers
Fairtrade has seen strong growth in the sugar sector, increasing volume of sales reported as Fairtrade by 66 percent from 2010 to 2011. During the same period, the number of certified small sugar producer organizations more than doubled, thanks in large part to a number of sugar cooperatives in Mauritius joining Fairtrade in 2011. Various governments and exporters see Fairtrade as the alternative for their smallholder sugar sector.
But there are still more opportunities for Fairtrade sugar farmers to increase their sales. A number of large corporations have made commitments to use sustainably-certified sugar as part of their total sourcing plan. Fairtrade is working with these companies to provide sugar farmers with new markets for their crops.
The Fairtrade Standards are a driver for positive change for many farmers and the industry in general. For example, since working with Fairtrade, various countries have banned the use of Paraguat, an herbicide that – while safe for consumers in the end product – is dangerous for the farmers and workers who apply it.
The European Union has historically been a major market for Fairtrade sugar, but changing trade regulations within the bloc mean Fairtrade sugar farmers will face much stiffer competition. To help the farmers adapt to the new regulations, Fairtrade is helping the farmers establish themselves as reliable suppliers for trading partners outside of the EU.
Challenges for Sugar
ACP and LDC countries – which contribute 80 percent of all Fairtrade sugar production – face an uphill battle when it comes to selling their sugar: quotas for sugar imports into the EU and guaranteed prices for ADP nations and LDCs are being phased out, meaning small producers in these countries are up against massive producing nations such as Brazil and India. Making matters worse, price volatility in sugar makes long-term planning a difficult endeavor.
To help soften the blow of the changing trade regulations, the European Union has implemented measures to help ACP/LDC countries to transition, though little of this has trickled down to the farmer level. As a consequence of the EU reform, some countries, such as Jamaica, Mauritius, Swaziland, and Malawi, have encouraged Fairtrade certification for small sugar farmers.
General Sugar Facts
Sugar cane is a tall, bamboo-like grass that grows to a height of up to 6m (20ft) in mostly tropical countries.
Sugar cane is normally cut by hand and then delivered to sugar mills. There, the stems are crushed and ground, and cane juice is extracted. This is used to make raw sugar.
Most global sugar production is from sugar cane. About 20 percent of the world’s sugar comes from sugar beet, which is produced in temperate areas including the European Union.
World consumption of sugar has grown at an average annual rate of 2.7 percent over the past 50 years, driven by rising incomes and populations in developing countries.
A by-product of sugar cane production called ‘bagasse’ can be used as biofuel. It is often used to power sugar mills, or to generate electricity which is sold back to national power grids.
Recent Fairtrade News on Sugar
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Buying and selling Fairtrade Sugar
Fairtrade products are sold in over 120 countries. For more information on Fairtrade near you, select your country on the map below or visit Fairtrade Near You. If you’re interested in selling Fairtrade cocoa in your country, see our information about selling Fairtrade.
- US Department of Agriculture, Sugar World Markets and Trade (November 2013)
- Fairtrade and Sugar Commodity Briefing (Fairtrade Foundation, January 2013)
Find Fairtrade Minimum Prices and Premiums