Fairtrade Cocoa Facts
- Fairtrade Premium Paid in 2011: 7.6 million euros – about half of this amount was invested by the producers in business and organizational development or production and processing.
- Fairtrade cocoa origins: Belize, Bolivia, Cameroon, Costa Rica, Colombia, Cote d’Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ghana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Sao Tome e Principe, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka
- Qualities available: Conventional and organic
- Varieties available: Forastero beans are generally used to make milk chocolate, while Criollo and Trinitario beans are used to make fine flavour cocoa products.
Fairtrade Impact for Farmers
Fairtrade cocoa offers farmers an opportunity to make a real living, as the Fairtrade Standards include a Minimum Price. A Fairtrade Premium is added to the purchase price and is used by cooperatives for social and economic investments such as education, health services, processing equipment and loans to members.
Also, the FAIRTRADE Certification Mark on a product provides consumers with the assurance that Fairtrade cocoa producers are regularly audited against the strict child labour standards that prohibit the worst form of child labour and forced (bonded) labour. It considers the International Labor Organization (ILO) Conventions 29, 105, 138 and 182 as the relevant standards on child labour – and has developed its own standards accordingly. To read more about Fairtrade and child protection, click here.
The Challenge for Fairtrade
Demand for cocoa has been on a steady rise in recent years, increasing by an average of 3 percent per year since the 1910s. However, by 2020, industry representatives are expecting demand to increase by an additional million tonnes per year – an increase of about 30 percent compared to current annual production, which would put demand on track to outpace supply.i
Despite the strong demand, many small producers struggle to sell enough to earn a sustainable income: cocoa processing is in the hands of just a few players and consolidation continues, which increases price pressure on producers at the beginning of the supply chain.
Even the cocoa producers are able to sell isn’t valued as highly as it might be: growers in West Africa are likely to receive between 3.5 to 6.4 percent of the final value of a chocolate bar containing their cocoa. This figure is down from 16 percent in the late 1980s. Over the same time period, manufacturers have increased their take from 56 to 70 percent of the value of a chocolate bar. Retailers currently see about 17 percent (up from 12 percent over the same time period).i
Globally, around 3.5 million tons of cocoa are produced each year. Fairtrade certified production represents just a fraction of this amount, but with confectionary companies making major commitments to sustainable sourcing of their cocoa, there is significant potential for increased sales and increased impact for Fairtrade farmers.
General Cocoa Facts
- Cocoa is grown on trees and is considered a tropical plant. It grows in hot, rainy climates.
- Fruit pods from the trees contain 30-40 seeds, which are extracted, fermented and dried in the sun turning them into cocoa beans.
- The Netherlands is the global leader in cocoa imports and has committed to use sustainable cocoa for all domestic cocoa and chocolate products by 2025.
- African countries produce 73 percent of the world’s cocoa. Over half of this comes from Cote d’Ivoire.
- Fairtrade cocoa producers received 7.6 million euros in Premium money from cocoa sales in 2010-11. About half of the Premium is invested in production and processing improvements.
Recent Fairtrade News on Cocoa
Nueve empresas, incluidas Mars, y grandes minoristas y marcas de Alemania, Suiza y Japón, han sido las primeras en acoger los nuevos programas de abastecimiento Fairtrade. Los productores de cacao Fairtrade verán un aumento...
Maltesers® to carry the FAIRTRADE Mark in UK/Ireland in 2012, Mars to provide more than $1 million annually in Fairtrade Premiums to farmers’ co-operatives in West Africa
Monday, 19 September 2011 marked the ten-year anniversary of the signing of the Harkin-Engel Protocol, an agreement by the largest chocolate companies to eliminate unacceptable child labour practices in the growing and...
Buying and selling Fairtrade cocoa
Fairtrade products are sold in over 120 countries. For more information on Fairtrade near you, select your country on the map below or visit Fairtrade Near You. If you’re interested in selling Fairtrade cocoa in your country, see our information about selling Fairtrade.
Documentos Orientativos para productores y compradores Comercio Justo Fairtrade
Fairtrade International ofrece los siguientes documentos orientativos como complemento al Criterio de Cacao Comercio Justo.
Documento orientativo sobre mejoramiento de productividad y calidad
El siguiente documento orientativo, sobre mejoramiento de productividad y calidad se considera un apoyo para las organizaciones de productores de cacao. Aporta explicaciones sobre qué son las mejoras a la productividad y/o a la calidad y qué tipo de inversiones estas mejoras requieren, así como información adicional sobre cómo informar acerca de dichas inversiones. Este documento relaciona a las secciones 4.3.7 y 4.3.8 del Criterio Comercio Justo Fairtrade para Cacao para Organizaciones de Pequeños Productores.
Precios Mínimos y Primas Fairtrade
Busca los Precios Mínimos y Primas Fairtrade